Numerical modelling of rubber vibration isolators


Beijers, Clemens A.J. and Boer, André de (2003) Numerical modelling of rubber vibration isolators. In: A. Nilsson & H. Boden (Eds.), Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Sound and Vibration. KTH, Stockholm, pp. 805-812. ISBN 9780854327898

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Abstract:An important cause for interior noise in vehicles is structure-borne sound from the engine. The vibrations of the source (engine) are transmitted to the receiver structure (the vehicle) causing interior noise in the vehicle. For this reason the engine is supported by rubber isolators for passive isolation in especially the high-frequency region. To make a good judgment of the characteristics of a vibration isolator in the design process, it is useful to use numerical models. In this paper a cylindrical vibration isolator is modelled numerically with the Finite Element package ABAQUS. The investigation is split in two parts: first a nonlinear analysis is performed for different pre-deformations of the mount. After that, a linear harmonic analysis is superimposed on the pre-deformed isolator. The structure-borne sound is transmitted by the isolator by six degrees of freedom, so the harmonic analysis must be performed for different excitations. With the results the behavior of the isolator can be represented by dynamic stiffness matrices as function of the frequency and predeformation. These matrices can be used to model the passive isolation components as part of numerical models of hybrid isolation systems. These isolation systems describe a combination of active and passive isolation to reduce the structure-borne sound transmission to receiver structures.
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