Asymmetric bipolar membrane: A tool to improve product purity

Share/Save/Bookmark

Balster, J. and Sumbharaju, R. and Srikantharajah, S. and Punt, I. and Stamatialis, D.F. and Jordan, V. and Wessling, M. (2007) Asymmetric bipolar membrane: A tool to improve product purity. Journal of Membrane Science, 287 (2). pp. 246-256. ISSN 0376-7388

[img]PDF
Restricted to UT campus only
: Request a copy
1281Kb
Abstract:Bipolar membranes (BPMs) are catalytic membranes for electro-membrane processes splitting water into protons and hydroxyl ions. To improve selectivity and current efficiency of BPMs, we prepare new asymmetric BPMs with reduced salt leakages. The flux of salt ions across a BPM is determined by the co-ion transport across the respective layer of the membrane. BPM asymmetry can be used to decrease the co-ion fluxes through the membrane and shows that the change of the layer thickness and charge density of the corresponding ion exchange layer determines the co-ion flux. The modification of a commercial BP-1 with a thin additional cation exchange layer on the cationic side results in a 47% lower salt leakage. Thicker layers result in water diffusion limitations. In order to avoid water diffusion limitations we prepared tailor made BPMs with thin anion exchange layers, to increase the water flux into the membrane. Therefore a BPM could be prepared with a thick cation exchange layer showing a 62% decreased salt ion leakage through the cationic side of the membrane.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2007 Elsevier
Faculty:
Science and Technology (TNW)
Research Group:
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/58130
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2006.10.042
Export this item as:BibTeX
EndNote
HTML Citation
Reference Manager

 

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Metis ID: 243813