Use of induced acceleration to quantify the (de)stabilization effect of external and internal forces on postural responses


Asseldonk, Edwin H.F. van and Carpenter, Mark G. and Helm, Frans C.T. van der and Kooij, Herman van der (2007) Use of induced acceleration to quantify the (de)stabilization effect of external and internal forces on postural responses. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 54 (12). pp. 2284-2295. ISSN 0018-9294

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Abstract:Due to the mechanical coupling between the body segments, it is impossible to see with the naked eye the causes of body movements and understand the interaction between movements of different body parts. The goal of this paper is to investigate the use of induced acceleration analysis to reveal the causes of body movements. We derive the analytical equations to calculate induced accelerations and evaluate its potential to study human postural responses to support-surface translations. We measured the kinematic and kinetic responses of a subject to sudden forward and backward translations of a moving platform. The kinematic and kinetics served as input to the induced acceleration analyses. The induced accelerations showed explicitly that the platform acceleration and deceleration contributed to the destabilization and restabilization of standing balance, respectively. Furthermore, the joint torques, coriolis and centrifugal forces caused by swinging of the arms, contributed positively to stabilization of the center of mass. It is concluded that induced acceleration analyses is a valuable tool in understanding balance responses to different kinds of perturbations and may help to identify the causes of movement in different pathologies.
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