Colloidal carbon particles as a new label for rapid immunochemical test methods: quantitative computer image analysis of results
Amerongen, A. van and Wichers, J.H. and Berendsen, L.B.J.M. and Timmermans, A.J.M. and Keizer, G.D. and Doorn, A.W.J. van and Bantjes, A. and Gelder, W.M.J. van (1993) Colloidal carbon particles as a new label for rapid immunochemical test methods: quantitative computer image analysis of results. Journal of Biotechnology, 30 (2). pp. 185-195. ISSN 0168-1656
|Abstract:||Colloidal carbon particles can serve as label in sol particle immunoassays. The universal applicability of these particles in qualitative and (semi)quantitative immunoassays has been demonstrated. Sol particle and/or dipstick immunoassays, not yet optimized in terms of sensitivity, are discussed.
The colloidal label has been used successfully in a mouse immunoglobulin isotyping kit. Human serum albumin spotted onto nitrocellulose in a concentration range of 7.8 to 1000 ng could be detected using anti-albumin antibody adsorbed onto colloidal carbon particles. It was also possible to perform a competitive assay with this conjugate for a concentration range of free human serum albumin varying from 0.25 to 6.75 ¿g. The Kunitz-type trypsin inhibitor from soybean was determined by a colloidal carbon based immunoassay in a range of 2.5 to 160 ng. In this assay, free and colloidal carbon-bound inhibitor competed for binding specific antibodies spotted onto a nitrocellulose membrane.
An image- and data-processing procedure has been developed that enables a rapid and simple quantification of colloidal carbon sol particle immunoassays. The average grey level of a spot is taken as a measure for quantitative purposes. This so-called Sol-particle Image Processed ImmunoAssay (SIPIA) procedure is equally well applicable to assays using other colloidal particles.
|Copyright:||© 1993 Elsevier Science|
|Link to this item:||http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/57415|
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