Kinematic artifacts in prestack depth migration.


Stolk, C.C. and Symes, W.W. (2004) Kinematic artifacts in prestack depth migration. Geophysics, 69 (2). pp. 562-575. ISSN 00168033

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Abstract:Strong refraction of waves in the migration velocity model introduces kinematic artifacts¿coherent events not corresponding to actual reflectors¿into the image volumes produced by prestack depth migration applied to individual data bins. Because individual bins are migrated independently, the migration has no access to the bin component of slowness. This loss of slowness information permits events to migrate along multiple incident-reflected ray pairs, thus introducing spurious coherent events into the image volume. This pathology occurs for all common binning strategies, including common-source, common-offset, and common-scattering angle. Since the artifacts move out with bin parameter, their effect on the final stacked image is minimal, provided that the migration velocity model is kinematically correct. However, common-image gathers may exhibit energetic primary events with substantial residual moveout, even with the kinematically accurate migration velocity model.
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Copyright:© 2006 Society of Exploration Geophysicists
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