On the modelling of biological effects on morphology in estuaries and seas


Knaapen, M.A.F. and Holzhauer, H. and Hulscher, S.J.M.H. and Baptist, M.J. and Vries, M.B. de and Ledden, M. van (2003) On the modelling of biological effects on morphology in estuaries and seas. In: Third IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, RCEM 2003, 1-5 September 2003, Barcelona, Spain (pp. pp. 773-783).

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Abstract:Morphological modelling aims to explain and predict the changes in rivers, seas and estuaries due to these interaction. In recent history, a lot of progress has been made, especially with stability analysis approaches. However, so far only the physical interactions have been taken into account. It is known however, that biological factors are important to the dynamics of the water systems. In this paper a first step is made in the inclusion of biology into the morphodynamic models. This inclusion is based on the effect that benthic organisms have on the erodibility of the bed. This can easily be included by a change of the critical bed shear stress. These changes in the critical bed shear stress then influence the morphology. This idea has been applied to two cases. The results of the first case indicate that this approach can reproduce the influence of benthic organisms on the mud content of the bed in estuaries. The second case shows that even low numbers of organisms can influence the characteristics of large bed forms.
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Engineering Technology (CTW)
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