Chromosome structure investigated with the atomic force microscope


Grooth, Bart G. de and Putman, Constant A. and Werf, Kees O. van der and Hulst, Niko F. van and Oort, Geeske van and Greve, Jan (1992) Chromosome structure investigated with the atomic force microscope. In: Srinivas Manne (Ed.), Scanning Probe Microscopies. SPIE, Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A., pp. 205-211. ISBN 9780819407856

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Abstract:We have developed an atomic force microscope (AFM) with an integrated optical microscope. The optical microscope consists of an inverted epi-illumination system that yields images in reflection or fluorescence of the sample. With this system it is possible to quickly locate an object of interest. A high-resolution image of the object thus selected can then be obtained with the AFM that is built on top of the optical microscope. In addition, the combined microscopes enable a direct comparison between the optical image and the topography of the same object. The microscope is used to study the structure of metaphase chromosomes of eukaryotic cells. The topography of metaphase chromosomes reveal grooved structures that might indicate spiral structure of the chromatin. High resolution images reveal structures that can be ascribed to the end loops of the chromatin. The resolution of the AFM images was improved by using sharper tips obtained by carbon deposition on the Si3N4 cantilevers using a scanning electron microscope. Chromosomes which are treated to reveal the G- banding pattern in the optical microscope display a similar pattern when viewed with the AFM, as is shown by a direct comparison.
Item Type:Book Section
Copyright:© 1992 SPIE
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Metis ID: 130518