Squeezing Alcohols into Sonoluminescing Bubbles: The Universal Role of Surfactants

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Togel, Rudiger and Hilgenfeldt, Sascha and Lohse, Detlef (2000) Squeezing Alcohols into Sonoluminescing Bubbles: The Universal Role of Surfactants. Physical Review Letters, 84 (11). pp. 2509-2512. ISSN 0031-9007

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Abstract:We conduct an experimental study of the dependence of single bubble sonoluminescence intensity on the concentration of various alcohols. The light intensity is reduced by one-half at a molar fraction of ethanol of 2.5 3 1025; butanol achieves the same reduction at a concentration 10 times smaller. We account for the results by a theoretical model in which the alcohols are assumed to be mechanically forced into the bubble at collapse, modifying the adiabatic exponent of the gas. The increasing hydrophobicities of the alcohols lead to decreasing effective adiabatic exponents, and thus to less heating and therefore less light. Support for this model is obtained by replotting the experimental light intensity values vs the calculated exponents, yielding a collapse of all data onto a universal curve.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2000 The American Physical Society
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Science and Technology (TNW)
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/24785
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.84.2509
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Metis ID: 129586