Selective epitaxial growth for YBCO thin films


Damen, C.A.J. and Smilde, H.-J.H. and Blank, D.H.A. and Rogalla, H. (1998) Selective epitaxial growth for YBCO thin films. Superconductor science and technology, 11 . pp. 437-448. ISSN 0953-2048

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Abstract:A novel selective epitaxial growth (SEG) technique for (YBCO) thin films is presented. The method involves the deposition of a thin (about 10 nm) metal layer, in the desired pattern, on a substrate before the deposition of the superconducting thin film. During growth the metal reacts with the YBCO, forming locally an insulating compound. Best results are obtained with Ti or W, yielding structures with sharp boundaries and creating insulating areas with high resistivities. The technique has been analysed for the titanium case. It was found that during the YBCO growth the titanium layer reacts with the YBCO to form an amorphous Ba-Ti-O compound. The YBCO cannot grow epitaxially on top of this layer, and a mainly amorphous YBCO film with insulating characteristics results. The resistivity of the insulating parts has been investigated as a function of the layer thicknesses of both the titanium and the YBCO. Both increasing the YBCO layer or a slight decrease of the titanium layer thickness yields a strong decrease in the resistivity. The SEG technique has been successfully applied to create submicron patterns, without any sign of degradation. Bridge structures with widths down to 200 nm could be prepared that still showed a value of 89 K and values in excess of at 77 K.
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Copyright:© Institute of Physics and IOP Publishing Limited 1998
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