The black silicon method: a universal method for determining the parameter setting of a fluorine-based reactive ion etcher in deep silicon trench etching with profile control

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Jansen, Henri and Boer, Meint de and Legtenberg, Rob and Elwenspoek, Miko (1994) The black silicon method: a universal method for determining the parameter setting of a fluorine-based reactive ion etcher in deep silicon trench etching with profile control. In: Micro Mechanics Europe Conference, MME 1994, September 5-6, 1994, Pisa, Italy (pp. pp. 60-64).

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Abstract:Very deep treches (up to 200 um) with high aspect ratios (up to 10) in silicon are etched using a fluorine-based plasma (SF6/O2/CHF3). Isotropic, positively and megatively (i.e. reverse) tapered as well as fully vertical walls with smooth surfaces are achieved by controlling the plasma chemistry. A convenient way to find the processing conditions needed for a vertical wall is described: the Black Silicon Method. This new procedure is checked for three different Reactive Ion Etchers (RIE); two parallel plate reactors and a hexode. The influence of the r.f. power, pressure, and gas mixture on the profile will be shown. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) photos are included to demonstrate the Black Silicon Method, the influence of the gases on the profile, and the use of this method in fabricating Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS).
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
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Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
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