Simulation of anisotropic wet chemical etching using a physical model

Share/Save/Bookmark

Veenendaal, E. van and Nijdam, A.J. and Suchtelen, J. van and Sato, K. and Gardeniers, J.G.E. and Enckevort, W.J.P. van and Elwenspoek, M. (2000) Simulation of anisotropic wet chemical etching using a physical model. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 84 (3). pp. 324-329. ISSN 0924-4247

[img] PDF
Restricted to UT campus only
: Request a copy
415kB
Abstract:We present a method to describe the orientation dependence of the etch rate in anisotropic etching solutions of silicon, or any other single crystalline material, by analytical functions. The parameters in these functions have a simple physical meaning. Crystals have a small number of atomically smooth faces, which etch (or grow) slowly as a consequence of the removal (or addition) of atoms by rows and layers. However, smooth faces have a roughening transition (well known in statistical physics) [P. Bennema, Growth and morphology of crystals: integration of theories of Roughning and Hartman-Perdok theorie, in: D.T.J. Hurle (Ed.), Handbook of Crystal Growth, vol. I, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1993) 477; M. Elwenspoek, On the mechanism of anisotropic etching of silicon, J. Electrochem. Soc., 140 (1993) 2075]; at increasing temperature they become rougher, and accordingly, the etch and growth rates increase. Consequently, the basic physical parameters of our functions are the roughness of the smooth faces and the velocity of steps on these faces. We have applied our method to the practical case of etching of silicon in KOH solutions. The maximum deviation between experimental data and simulation using only nine physically meaningful parameters is less than 5% of the maximum etch rate. The method can easily be adapted to describe the growth or etching process of any other crystal.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 2000 Elsevier Science S.A.
Faculty:
Science and Technology (TNW)
Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS)
Research Group:
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/14628
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0924-4247(00)00362-9
Export this item as:BibTeX
EndNote
HTML Citation
Reference Manager

 

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Metis ID: 111706