Synthesis, characterisation and gas permeation studies on microporous silica and alumina-silica membranes for separation of propane and propylene

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Nair, Balagopal N. and Keizer, Klaas and Elferink, Wilma J. and Gilde, Melis J. and Verweij, Henk and Burggraaf, Anthonie J. (1996) Synthesis, characterisation and gas permeation studies on microporous silica and alumina-silica membranes for separation of propane and propylene. Journal of Membrane Science, 116 (2). pp. 161-169. ISSN 0376-7388

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Abstract:Microporous silica membranes are known to exhibit molecular sieving effects. However, separation of nearly equal sized molecules is difficult to carry out by size exclusion. Introducing sorption selectivity and keeping the kinetics favourable to facilitate a good contribution of permeation from sorption is a possible solution to enhance selectivity of adsorbing molecules. Results are presented in this paper on the synthesis of a microporous silica membrane with commendable permselectivity between helium and propylene. Modifications are performed on the membrane to improve its almost non-selective nature to propylene/propane mixtures to give practical separation values. Gas separation results on the modified membranes are presented. Surface selectivity on the newly added alumina surface layer is identified as the helping mechanism in realising this separation.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 1996 Elsevier Science
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/12045
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0376-7388(96)00036-1
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