Microstructures in phase inversion membranes. Part II. The role of a polymeric additive

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Boom, R.M. and Wienk, I.M. and Boomgaard van den, Th. and Smolders, C.A. (1992) Microstructures in phase inversion membranes. Part II. The role of a polymeric additive. Journal of Membrane Science, 73 (2-3). pp. 277-292. ISSN 0376-7388

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Abstract:Membranes were prepared from a casting solution of a water-soluble polymer, poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP), and a membrane forming polymer, poly (ether sulfone), in 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) as solvent by immersing them in mixtures of water and NMP. It was found that the addition of PVP to the ternary system suppresses the formation of macrovoids in the sub-layer, while the ultrafiltration-type top-layer consists of a closely packed layer of nodules. Using a model for pass transfer in this quaternary system, it is possible to explain the effects of the additive on macrovoid formation. Strong indications are found that the appearance of a nodular structure in the top-layer follows a mechanism of spinodal decomposition during the very early stages of the immersion step.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 1992 Elsevier Science
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/10295
Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0376-7388(92)80135-7
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