Microstructures in phase-inversion membranes. Part I. Formation of macrovoids


Smolders, C.A. and Reuvers, A.J. and Boom, R.M. and Wienk, I.M. (1992) Microstructures in phase-inversion membranes. Part I. Formation of macrovoids. Journal of Membrane Science, 73 (2-3). pp. 259-275. ISSN 0376-7388

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Abstract:A new mechanism for the formation of macrovoids in phase-inversion membranes is proposed. It is based on the observed difference in type of demixing of a thin film of a polymer solution when immersed in a nonsolvent bath: delayed or instantaneous demixing. The explanation for macrovoid formation assumes local conditions of delayed demixing in front of a certain layer of nuclei already formed, due to a change in the interfacial compositions at the advancing coagulation front, as compared to the original composition at the interface film-bath. Effects of variations in membrane formation conditions which can be calculated using the model of diffusive mass transport in thin films of polymeric solutions in combination with phase separation in phase-inversion membranes, completely support the mechanism as proposed.
Item Type:Article
Copyright:© 1992 Elsevier Science
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Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/publications/10293
Official URL:https://doi.org/10.1016/0376-7388(92)80134-6
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