Sorption and activation of hydrocarbons by molecular sieves


Lercher, Johannes A. and Seshan, Kulathuiyer (1997) Sorption and activation of hydrocarbons by molecular sieves. Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, 2 (1). pp. 57-62. ISSN 1359-0286

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Abstract:Substantial progress has been made recently in the understanding of sorption and activation of alkanes. This progress reflects the emergence of new theoretical and experimental results, leading to a more quantitative picture of the elementary steps involved in the ordering of alkanes in molecular sieves and their chemical interaction with the acid site. Conversion of n-alkanes over various zeolites is now well understood to depend mainly upon the concentration of reactants sorbed. The sorption enthalpy and entropy of these molecules are linearly related and this relationship is characteristic of a particular molecular sieve (compensation effect). The interfacial chemistry that alkanes and alkenes undergo involves ionic species only in their transition state, whereas the stable intermediates are covalently bound. This leads to a description of the chemical transformations that resemble nucleophilic and electrophilic substitutions.
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Copyright:© 1997 Elsevier Science
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